623. Add One Row to Tree | LeetCode Solution with Explanation

 623Add One Row to Tree

Given the root of a binary tree and two integers val and depth, add a row of nodes with value val at the given depth depth.

Note that the root node is at depth 1.

The adding rule is:

  • Given the integer depth, for each not null tree node cur at the depth depth - 1, create two tree nodes with value val as cur's left subtree root and right subtree root.
  • cur's original left subtree should be the left subtree of the new left subtree root.
  • cur's original right subtree should be the right subtree of the new right subtree root.
  • If depth == 1 that means there is no depth depth - 1 at all, then create a tree node with value val as the new root of the whole original tree, and the original tree is the new root's left subtree.


Example 1:

Input: root = [4,2,6,3,1,5], val = 1, depth = 2
Output: [4,1,1,2,null,null,6,3,1,5]

Example 2:

Input: root = [4,2,null,3,1], val = 1, depth = 3
Output: [4,2,null,1,1,3,null,null,1]



  • The number of nodes in the tree is in the range [1, 104].
  • The depth of the tree is in the range [1, 104].
  • -100 <= Node.val <= 100
  • -105 <= val <= 105
  • 1 <= depth <= the depth of tree + 1
What we will do is we will keep the parent node and whenever we reach our depth we will make a new node that will connect the parent node, the new node, and the current node.

See the Code below for a better understanding.

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